Economic, natural, and human risks are among the types of risks a company may experience. Risks resulting from changes in general business conditions. Maverick is an active trader, commodity futures broker, and stock analyst with more than 17 years of experience, plus more than 10 years of experience as a financial writer and book editor. Market risk involves the risk of changing conditions in the specific market in which a company competes for business.
An example of market risk is the growing tendency of consumers to buy online. This aspect of market risk has presented significant challenges for traditional retail companies. This example also refers to another element of market risk: the risk of being overtaken by competitors. In an increasingly competitive global market, often with increasingly tight profit margins, the most financially successful companies are more successful in offering a unique value proposition that makes them stand out from the crowd and gives them a solid market identity.
Credit risk is the risk that companies incur when providing credit to customers. It can also refer to the company's own credit risk with suppliers. A company assumes financial risk when it provides financing for purchases to its customers, due to the possibility of a customer not paying. Liquidity risk includes the liquidity of assets and the liquidity risk of operating finance.
Asset liquidity refers to the relative ease with which a company can convert its assets into cash should a sudden and substantial need for additional cash flow arise. The liquidity of operating finance is a reference to daily cash flow. Operational risks refer to the various risks that may arise from a company's ordinary business activities. The operational risk category includes lawsuits, fraud risk, personnel issues, and business model risk, which is the risk that a company's marketing models and growth plans will be inaccurate or inadequate.
Sometimes, the best thing a company can do is to try to anticipate potential risks, assess the potential impact on the company's business, and be prepared with a plan to react to adverse events. Risk is inherent to any commercial enterprise, and good risk management is an essential aspect of running a successful business. General or seasonal drops in revenue can present a substantial risk if the company suddenly finds itself without enough cash available to pay the basic expenses necessary to continue operating as a business. However, in the future, the Group's business, results of operations, and financial position could be significantly negatively affected, among other things, by the burden of restoring damaged plant facilities and equipment, decreased sales and operating revenues due to a decrease in plant utilization or shutdown, and the deterioration of gross margins.
The Group may face limitations in its ability to raise funds due to a variety of reasons, including the fact that the Group is unable to acquire the necessary funding in a timely manner or that it faces increasing financing costs due to the worsening business environment in the semiconductor industry, worsening conditions in financial and stock markets, and changes in lender funding policies. However, the Group's performance and financial position may be negatively affected if discrepancies arise between actuarial assumptions and business performance due to changes in interest rates or if securities market obligations and defined benefits increase or if our plan assets decline and there is an increase in the pension fund deficit in the retirement benefit obligation system. In particular, since the Group has key facilities and equipment in areas where earthquakes occur more frequently than the global average, the effects of earthquakes and other events could damage the Group's facilities and equipment and force manufacturing and other operations to stop, and such events could, consequently, cause serious damage to the Group's business. Therefore, if the Group is unable to carry out appropriate research and development, the Group's business, performance and financial position may be negatively affected by product obsolescence and the existence of competing products in the market.
As a result, the Group may not achieve its initial objectives with respect to business in foreign markets, which could have a negative impact on business growth and the Group's performance. In addition, entire business sectors, such as financial services or the insurance sector, can have a substantial part of their business models and added value derived from the expert management of certain risks. In the future, the Group's business, performance and financial situation may be negatively affected by rising costs and restrictions on business activities associated with the strengthening of local laws. Consequently, insufficient supply capacity in a context of strong demand for these materials, as well as events such as natural disasters, accidents, acts of terror, wars, worsening commercial conditions and the withdrawal of suppliers from the business, could prevent their timely acquisition or cause a sharp increase in the prices of these essential materials at the time of purchase.